Image Archive and Research Platform for the Islamic, Ancient and Christian Orient

Search the Archives

Research Topics

Timurid Woodwork

Woodwork of the Timurid Period in Iran and Central Asia

The project “Retrieving the past, shaping the future: The woodwork of fourteenth to sixteenth century Iran and Central Asia in its cultural and historical context” aims to analyze and interpret a larger collection of a specific type (kind/ genre) of material culture which has been produced in Iran and Central Asia mainly during the Timurid period (c. 1370 to c. 1510). 

While only few woodcarvings from a secular context have survived, the bulk of material, mainly doors, grills (mashrabiyas), minbars and cenotaphs, belongs or belonged to religious buildings, mosques, madrasas and mausolea, the latter ones often shrines of descendants of the Imams, spreading all over Iran, but with a strong focus in the northern provinces of Mazandaran and Gilan, rich on trees and therefor on wood, too. 

Many objects contain inscriptions at various length providing beyond religious texts (Qur’an, Hadith among others) historical information as the name of the patron, the name(s) of the wood worker(s) (najjar) and the date when the object has been produced allowing to prepare a framework of dated woodwork during the 14th to 16th centuries. 

Beyond its historical and art historical approach, this project also has a heritage related aspect: the ”virtual protection” of material which has been and still is under permanent threat to be neglected, over-restored or stolen. 

 

Islamic Art Historiography

History of Islamic Art History

Special attention is given to the first generation of Islamic Art Historians (even before this term was generally used) and their impact on the History of Islamic Art & Architecture: e.g. the researcher, travelor, collector and first director of the "Islamic Department" of the Royal Museums at Berlin (today Museum of Islamic Art of the State Museums at Berlin) Friedrich Paul Sarre (1865 - 1945), who's 150. anniversary in 2015 has been celebrated, as well as the genious, but also very controversal art historian Josef Strzygowski (1862 - 1941). 

In addition, cross connections, i. e. networks that also include lesser-known names will be shown. In the course of time, a comprehensive index of German-speaking researchers (born before 1914) from the fields of Islamic art history, architecture and archeology with biographical information, bibliographical references and pictorial material will emerge.

 

Read more: Islamic Art Historiography

Bosporus Wall Paper

The Bosphorus wallpaper by Josef Dufour in the castle Herrnsheim near Worms

As part of the renovation of Schloss Herrnsheim near Worms, built by Emmerich Josef von Dalberg (1777-1833) at the beginning of the 19th century, this research project (awarded by the cultural department of the city of Worms) aims to identify possible models for the "Bosphorus landscape”. It examines the extent to which real views of Constantinople / Istanbul may have served as inspiration for the image wallpaper created in Paris by Joseph Dufour (1752-1827).

The results are to be published.

 

 

Figurative Architectural Decoration

Figurative reliefs in medieval Islamic architectural decoration

A further focus of research is the figurative reliefs in the medieval Islamic architectural decoration (Seljuks, Artuqids a.o.) and their meaning. The topic was extensively discussed in the PhD thesis (Heidelberg 1991) "Mittelalterliche Tierreliefs in Anatolien und Nordmesopotamien - Untersuchungen zum figürlichen Baudekor der Seldschuken, ... " (Tübingen 1996).

Read more: Figurative Architectural Decoration

Document Survey North Iraq

Document Survey on Medieval Architecture (c. 400 - c. 1900) in North Iraq

 

On behalf of the Oriental Department of the DAI (German Archaeological Institute), Berlin, a document survey on medieval architecture in northern Iraq has been conducted.

Purpuse: creating an overview, which visual information about medieval buildings (c. 400 to c. 1900) exist before the destruction by the "Islamic State" (ISIS) in 2014

images (b/w, color, prints, negatives, slides in publications and in archives

plans & drawings

As an example, the photographs taken by the DAI, Baghdad department, in N-Iraq in the 1970s can be seen

 

Amadiya, North Iraq, base of the minaret of the Great Mosque (Ulu Cami), Foto: R.M. Böhmer

 

Copyright © 2019 Bildarchiv Das Bild des Orients. All Rights Reserved.
Joomla! is Free Software released under the GNU General Public License.
Diese Website speichert Informationen über Ihren Besuch in sogenannten Cookies. Durch die Nutzung dieser Webseite erklären Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies einverstanden. Mehr zum Datenschutz finden Sie in unserer Datenschutzerklärung.